dr. william wirchansky placing a shunt into the brain of a hydrocephalus patient


Hydrocephalus is caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain. The accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid can be caused by the obstruction of its normal flow through the brain, failure of absorption, or rarely, by an excess production of fluid by some tumors. Hydrocephalus can lead to dangerous elevations of intracranial pressure.


Hydrocephalus can be present at birth or caused by traumatic injury or diseases such as meningitis and cancer. Symptoms in infants include an unusually large head size, vomiting, sleepiness, and seizures. Older children and adults may experience headaches, vomiting, nausea, vision problems, balance and coordination disturbances, urinary incontinence, and personality or cognitive changes.

Dr. Wirchansky treats hydrocephalus with the surgical placement of a shunt system, which relieves pressure on the brain by diverting the cerebral spinal fluid to another part of the body where it can be absorbed as part of the normal circulatory process.



Develop normal pressure hydrocephalus, which is often confused with Alzheimer’s


Dementia Patients

Have normal pressure hydrocephalus but may never be diagnosed


Survival Rate

Death rates have decreased from 54% to 5% over the past 25 years