Lumbar Spine

3D illustration of a lumbar spine


The Lumbar Spine is composed of five vertebrae which protect the spinal cord and cauda equina. The Lumbar Spine experiences significant load-bearing from our activities of daily living. Therefore, it is prone to degeneration and injury.

Lumbar Decompression

Lumbar decompression surgery is typically performed in order to relieve pain from pinched nerves caused by a lumbar herniated disc or lumbar spinal stenosis.


Decompression surgery involves removing a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root to relieve pinching of the nerve and provide more room for the nerve to heal. The most common types of decompression surgery are:

  • Microdiscectomy – Removal of part of the disc that is compressing a nerve
  • Laminectomy – Removal of bone – called the lamina– to relieve pressure on the nerve

Lumbar Fusion

Lumbar Fusion Surgery is performed to reduce pain and disability caused by lumbar degenerative disc disease or a spondylolisthesis by eliminating motion at the painful segment.


Lumbar Fusion Surgery involves bone grafting either between the vertebrae or along the facet joints and transverse processes. Hardware consisting of screws and rods are placed to augment the bony fusion.


Of People

Will experience back pain at some time in their lives.


Exercise Affected

Low back pain affects ability to exercise for over a third of adults.


Ability to Sleep

Many people with low back pain are unable to have normal sleep.


Seek Help

Which means 37% of people with lower back pain do not see a doctor.